It is a mandatory part of a comprehensive treatment. In some cases, diet is the main treatment, in others – the necessary, against which apply all other treatments.
The basis of dietary nutrition is the theory of balanced nutrition. Dietary nutrition is based on the principle of maximum balance of basic nutrients in the daily diet, taking into account the mechanisms of the disease and the state of the patient’s enzymatic systems. The therapeutic effect of dietary nutrition is provided by:
1) special selection of food products;
2) certain ratios between essential nutrients;
3) the appropriate technology of preparation of dietary dishes. For example, the exclusion of certain foods from the diet can significantly reduce the content of cholesterol, fats, sodium, sugar, and boiling meat and fish – the content of purines and extractives.